Blood and toothpaste: What to do if it hurts the gums
Most likely, you remember the ads on TV, in which after brushing your teeth in the sink turns blood — and the problem will be solved by using a special toothpaste. Understand what to do if the cream has not helped, why should there be any bleeding of the gums and what to do with it.
What is gingivitis[править]
If the mucous membrane near the teeth red, inflamed and easily damaged when cleaning is gingivitis, i.e. inflammation of the gums. Sometimes he is accompanied by unpleasant mouth odor and pain while eating. If you do not pay for gingivitis, the inflammation can penetrate deeper in the gap between the tooth and the bone, and there periodontitis, that is inflammation of tissues surrounding the tooth. This produced the so-called pockets which can be filled with pus, and in the last stages the teeth become mobile and to save them fails.
Sometimes the causes of gingivitis associated with hormonal changes (but then the condition of the gums can be improved), and in the vast majority of cases it can be prevented be adjusted to your habits is so important proper teeth brushing and quitting Smoking.
In dental plaque is home to a large number of bacteria, irritating the mucous membrane with their waste products. If the plaque is removed well enough, it starts inflammation: the plot of the gums under the touch is very sensitive and when brushing your teeth immediately there is blood and discomfort. This starts a vicious cycle: to clean the well does not work, because it hurts, and the pain is worse due to inadequate hygiene.
In toothpastes for care of the gum contains two types of active substances: bacteriostatic, aimed at combating the microorganisms and anti-inflammatory to halt inflammatory reactions. This paste can help — but only after quality of removal of dental plaque in the dentist's office. To clean the plaque completely impossible, especially if it is dense or is deep under the gums. In this case, the cause of inflammation persists, and the components of toothpaste may not penetrate to where they should be.
The lining is easy to injure — for example, if the toothbrush is too hard or moved horizontally instead of a vertical "sweeping" movements. The gums can hurt and flossing, if you act carefully enough — if you regularly injure the mucous floss, it makes sense to move on to the irrigator for cleaning between the teeth. The selection of means of hygiene and proper technique of cleaning are solved in the office of the dentist might even ask you to show how you brush your teeth, and podkorrektirovatj action.
Smoking and fast food[править]
Nicotine is very harmful to the tissues surrounding the teeth: it has been proven that it suppresses the growth of fibroblasts (cells of the gums) and the formation of the proteins fibronectin and collagen — building blocks of a healthy periodontium. Cells of the periodontium (the ligaments that hold the tooth in place), is subjected to nicotine, slower growing and contain less protein, they have damaged the membrane and changes shape. Moreover, Smoking reduces the chances of successful treatment.
For healthy teeth overall, it is important to eat more vegetables and fruits and less junk and sugar. Improper diet can lead to obesity — and it has a negative impact on the health of the gums and periodontal tissues and disrupts the healing process.
Hormones and medications[править]
There is the concept of "gingivitis": due to hormonal changes during pregnancy can occur the growth of the gums, hygiene becomes difficult, accumulate plaque and mucous inflamed. A similar situation happens with teenagers in the period of hormonal changes. Most importantly — do not be afraid to visit the dentist and have to do professional care during pregnancy.
Gingivitis and periodontitis can be associated with the processes occurring in diabetes, or taking certain medications, especially provoking a dry mouth is can be the drugs for the treatment of cancer or HIV infection.
What to do with it[править]
Before you spend money on toothpaste from advertising, is to go to the dentist. Most likely, the first step will be occupational health, training, teeth cleaning and selection of toiletries. Sometimes, in severe periodontitis, prescribe certain medications, e.g., antibiotics or antiseptics. Dentist can also refer you to an endocrinologist, a gastroenterologist, or assign tests.
To keep the mouth healthy, you need to follow the simple rules: brush your teeth twice a day using a suitable toothbrush and toothpaste, and observing correct technique (sweeping vertical movement to manual brush or the smooth movements of electric brush along the teeth). It is very important to make sure that food debris cannot get stuck between the teeth — this handy dental floss or irrigator. Smoking should be abandoned altogether, and to the doctor for a checkup and hygiene to go every six months.